Glaucoma and age-related macular degeneration (AMD) affect women more than men. The feature of macular degeneration is damage to cells including light-sensitive cells in the central retinal region, also known as the macula. Meanwhile, glaucoma is a group of diseases that cause permanent vision loss due to damage to the optic nerve. Eye exams are extremely important and also the best way to detect and treat these eye conditions early.


Besides, compared to men, women are also more susceptible to chronic dry eye disease as well as refractive errors. Symptoms of dry eye include eye redness, irritation, discomfort, and blurred vision. If dry eye is left untreated, it can lead to a higher risk of eye infections, so if you experience persistent dry eye symptoms for a long time, see an eye specialist. for timely examination and treatment.

What are the factors that can affect a woman’s eye health?

1. Longer service life

On average, women live about 5 years longer than men. Furthermore, women tend to maintain better and longer health than men. According to the World Health Organization, the average woman can live to 70 years old without any serious illness or serious accident, the figure for men is 67.

Longer life expectancy, women are at risk of many eye diseases brought about by age such as glaucoma, macular degeneration, cataracts or diabetic retinopathy. These are serious eye conditions and can significantly affect a person’s vision and quality of life.

2. Hormones

Throughout her life, women go through a lot of hormonal changes in their body. Puberty, pregnancy, and menopause can all increase estrogen levels, potentially affecting vision. In addition, the use of oral contraceptives can also cause visual symptoms due to the difference between progesterone and estrogen.

Fluctuations in estrogen levels can lead to dry eye syndrome, which causes uncomfortable symptoms such as redness, itching, and watery eyes and, if left untreated, can damage the eyes. Some women will also experience blurred vision as estrogen levels increase in the body, especially during pregnancy, but this will go away after giving birth.

3. Autoimmune diseases

An autoimmune disease is a disease in which the body produces antibodies against its own cells. It is a dangerous disease because it cannot be completely cured and can cause serious complications. Autoimmune diseases occur three times more frequently in women than in men, with certain diseases being particularly common in women. For example, women are nine times more likely than men to develop lupus and twice as likely to have rheumatoid arthritis. And from autoimmune disorders like rheumatoid arthritis, lupus, Sjogren’s syndrome, multiple sclerosis, and Graves’ disease (hyperthyroidism), eye health takes a toll. It can cause symptoms such as dry and red eyes, sensation of a foreign body in the eye, eye pain, altered vision, and sometimes vision loss.