Causes of dry and oily skin
“Your skin type is determined genetically,” says Joshua Zeichner, MD, director of cosmetic and clinical research in dermatology at Mount Sinai Hospital in New York. And according to Tanya Kormeili, MD, a board-certified dermatologist in Santa Monica, California, “we can’t actively change our skin type.”
However, in addition to genetic factors, some external environmental factors such as the aging process and hormonal fluctuations can cause skin to change. As you age, your skin usually becomes drier and produces less oil. Hormonal factors, like menstruation and birth control pills, can also affect your skin. Also, your current diet, weather and skin care routine – especially if you’re using topical products.
Treatment of dry skin, oily skin
While genetics is a leading factor in determining your skin type, there are many possible ways to tackle dry, oily skin issues, specifically:
Nutrition for skin: Many times, people with dry skin combined with oily skin often have acne breakouts due to moisturizers or lotions. However, it is still important to keep your skin hydrated. You can add moisture to your skin by incorporating healthy oils into your diet or taking a fatty acid supplement, such as fish oil with docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) and eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and plant sources of alpha-linolenic acid (ALA).
Use an oil-free sunscreen: Always use sunscreen whenever exposed to the sun. However, this makes it difficult for many people with dry and oily skin because they fear sunscreen will cause breakouts. So an oil-free sunscreen is a safe choice. They are often labeled as “mineral sunscreens”.
Medication: Your dermatologist may prescribe medication to control your skin, usually in the form of a topical treatment. Topical prescription retinol or benzoyl peroxide can be used to unclog pores and control breakouts. However, it is important to avoid applying them to areas of dry skin. Meanwhile, corticosteroids are indicated to reduce itching and inflammation, which often accompanies dry skin.
Remember, patience is key when it comes to combination skin care. Finding a suitable routine can be difficult and it can take a month or two before any visible results are seen. But using the right products in the right areas, morning and night, will help keep your skin in its best state possible. If you feel like things aren’t going the way you expected, you might consider making an appointment with a dermatologist.